Salman Rushdie

New York, Aug 13: British Indian author Salman Rushdie was stabbed in an attack on Friday at a speaking event in New York state, was propelled into the spotlight with his second novel “Midnight’s Children” in 1981. New York State police identify a suspect who attacked Salman Rushdie.

He is a master of magical realism who captured global attention as the target of a fatwa that forced him into hiding, which now drives his fierce defense of freedom of speech.

The book won international praise and Britain’s prestigious Booker Prize for its portrayal of post-independence India.

New York police issued a statement that says that “State Police are investigating an attack on author Salman Rushdie prior to a speaking event at the Chautauqua Institution in Chautauqua, NY. On August 12, 2022, at about 11 A.M, a male suspect ran up onto the stage and attacked Rushdie and an interviewer. Rushdie suffered an apparent stab wound to the neck and was transported by helicopter to an area hospital. His condition is not yet known. The interviewer suffered a minor head injury. A State Trooper assigned to the event immediately took the suspect into custody. The Chautauqua County Sheriff’s Office assisted at the scene.”

But his 1988 book “The Satanic Verses” brought attention beyond his imagination when it sparked a fatwa, or religious decree, calling for his death by Iranian revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. The novel was considered by some Muslims as disrespectful of the Prophet Mohammed.

Rushdie, who was born in India to non-practicing Muslims and himself is an atheist, was forced to go underground as a bounty was put on his head — which still remains.

He was granted police protection by the government in Britain, where he was at school and where he made his home, following the murder or attempted murder of his translators and publishers.

He spent nearly a decade in hiding, repeatedly moving houses and unable to tell his children where he lived.

Rushdie only began to emerge from his life on the run in the late 1990s after Iran 1998 said it would not support his assassination.

He became a fixture on the international party circuit, even appearing in films such as “Bridget Jones’s Diary” and the US television sitcom “Seinfeld”. He has been married four times and has two children.

As an advocate of freedom of speech, he notably launched a strong defense of the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo after Islamists gunned down its staff in Paris in 2015.

The magazine had published drawings of Mohammed that drew furious reactions from Muslims worldwide.

“I stand with Charlie Hebdo, as we all must, to defend the art of satire, which has always been a force for liberty and against tyranny, dishonesty, and stupidity,” Rushdie said.

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“‘Respect for religion has become a code phrase meaning ‘fear of religion. Religions, like all other ideas, deserve criticism, satire, and, yes, our fearless disrespect.”

Threats and boycotts have continued against literary events that Rushdie attends, and his knighthood in 2007 sparked protests in Iran and Pakistan, where a government minister said the honor justified suicide bombings.

The fatwa failed to stifle Salman Rushdie’s writing, however, and inspired his memoir “Joseph Anton”, named after his alias while in hiding and written in the third person.

It is one of several works of non-fiction and more than a dozen novels that Rushdie has written, along with several short stories, many of them addressing issues of migration and post-colonialism.

Still prolific, his latest novel Quichotte was published in 2019.

“Midnight’s Children”, which runs to more than 600 pages, has been adapted for the stage and silver screen, and his books have been translated into more than 40 languages.

Born in Mumbai, Rushdie attended the English boarding school Rugby before studying history at the University of Cambridge.

He initially turned to advertising, coining slogans such as “naughty but nice” for cream cakes, which entered common parlance.

While Rushdie has become an avid social media user in recent years, the author said he is glad that the fatwa controversy occurred in a pre-digital age.

“There was essentially no email, no text messages, no Facebook, no Twitter, no Web, and that of course slowed down the attack,” he said in 2012.

He now lives in New York and his novel published in 2015 — “Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights” — is set in the city.

It is both a love letter to the metropolis and a vision of global disaster that he has compared to the rise of the Islamic State group.